Unesco Lifelong Learning Institute, Hamburg. Invited Writer for the General Report of Adult Learning Education (GRALE), a state of the art report in adult learning education prepared for the CONFINTEA IV, Belen, Para, May-November 2009. My role was to prepare three chapters for the GRALE Report, and to attend the Conference in Belem, Para, on December 1-4, 2009.
Department of Education, Fulbright Program, Reviewer, 1994-95. Declined for excess of work 1996-2002. Declined because conflict of interest.
Department of Education. Reviewer in the interim evaluation of the National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented (NRCG/T) at the University of Connecticut, December 7 and 8, 1998 with a final report completed in February 1999.
• Florida State University-United States Agency for International Development (USAID). Education Sector Assessment in Mozambique, 1992. In charge of sector assessment of primary, secondary and higher education systems in Mozambique for the United States Agency for International Development under contract through the Learning Systems Institute at Florida State University, Tallahassee. Our task was to conduct research on the operation of the educational system in the country, including the areas ravaged by civil war, and to suggest different methods for intervention by USAID and a host of donors in the country (including multilateral and bilateral agencies). The final report was delivered to USAID representatives in Mozambique, and to agency heads of the capacity building, and agricultural sectors. Following the presentation in Mozambique, a number of presentations were made to multilateral and bilateral agencies in Washington trying to identify areas for educational investment in Mozambique. As a result of the final report, a comprehensive plan for educational investment by USAID was implemented. See Peter Zvimbo, David Plank, Carlos Alberto Torres, and Robert Verhine. (1992) Education in Mozambique. Monograph prepared for Florida State University-United States Agency for International Development, Maputo, Mozambique, February, 1992. Tallahassee, LSI Monograph, 1992.
• UNESCO-ILO Inter-Agency Task Force on Austerity, Adjustment and Human Resources (Principal Researcher in charge of Costa Rica case study), 1991. As principal researcher in charge of the Costa Rica case study, I conducted field research in Costa Rica, including several visits, and was in charge of writing the final report. This project tried to identify training needs and policy options in the face of austerity policies in several countries, including Tanzania, Madagascar, Brazil, Poland, and Costa Rica. The aim was to investigate in Costa Rica educational policies and the different dilemmas related to planning, financing, implementation, and evaluation of educational reform. A specific component of this study was to identify training needs of the Instituto Nacional de Aprendizaje (INA) and its policies in the context of financial retrenchment. The overall project is presently being published as a book comparing policy responses and specific programs in the countries studied. In this book, edited by Joel Samoff for UNESCO-ILO, Professor Martin Carnoy and myself wrote the chapter on Costa Rica entitled “Educational Change and Structural Adjustment: A Case Study of Costa Rica.” See Coping With Crisis. Austerity, Adjustment, and Human Resources, edited by J. Samoff. Palo Alto, California and Paris, France: ILO-UNESCO Task Force on Austerity, Adjustment, and Human Resources. New York, London, England, and Paris, France: Cassell and UNESCO, 1994. A project of the ILO-UNESCO Task Force on Austerity, Adjustment, and Human Resources directed by Lucila Jallade (UNESCO) and Claudio de Moura Castro and Eddy Lee (ILO).
• Hollywood Pictures (consultant for a movie on Latin America), 1991. Technical Consultant for the movie “Evita” for Disney Studios.
• International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Ottawa, Canada. Research on Education For All Project: Implications for Latin America, 1990. The IDRC invited me to produce a detailed assessment of the different documents preparatories of the Education For All Conference in Thailand. My role was to offer different strategies to implement the policy orientations emanating from the International Conference of Education for All, and particularly the practical aspects of financing, programming, and evaluation in Latin America. I contributed several reports to IDRC. A final synthetic report was published by IDRC as Education For All. Ottawa: IDRC, 1992.
• Government of Alberta, Ad-Hoc Adviser to the government of Alberta, Department of Manpower Planning on issues related to Nonformal Education Programs in Comparative Perspective, 1990.
• International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Research and Training Grant for Collaborative Work. Ottawa, Canada. Project title: Comparative Study of Adult Education in Tanzania, Mexico and the Province of Alberta, Canada. Tenure 10/87-4/90. This collaborative research project involved the collaboration of Canadian, Tanzanian and Mexican researchers in both training and research in adult education policies and new methodologies of action research. I was the originator of the research and training project, and international Coordinator of the Research Project. In addition, I was the Co-Director of the research in Canada and Principal Investigator. Total Research and Training Grant: $ 225,000. In addition to conducting field research in three sites for three and a half years, the project developed three training workshops for young researchers and practitioners of adult education in Alberta, Canada; Mexico City, Mexico; and Dar-Es-Salaam, Tanzania. The overall project carried out a complex qualitative and quantitative cross-cultural and comparative research of adult education policies and programs in the three countries and resulted in more than half a dozen academic publications.
• ACCESS-Alberta (Canadian Public Television) program on “Reading the World” (on Latin American Education); consultant and interviewer, 1990. I was in charge of traveling to Brazil and interviewing literacy training expert Paulo Freire on his experiences in Brazil and internationally, and to write the script for a video that was aired in several programs of Canadian Public Television and also sold for educational purposes.
• National Council of Science and Technology (CONACyT), Mexico. Research grant to investigate “The Profile and Scientific Productivity of Graduates from M.A. Programs in Social Science.” Tenure: 9/84-12/85. Director of the research project. Total Grant: $ 15,000. The final report published as: Torres, C. A., G. Valenti Nigrini, M. C. Moreno, (1985). El perfil y la productividad científica de egresados de estudios de posgrado en ciencias sociales en Mexico,(1976-1984): Un estudio de sociología de las profesiones. See also Torres, C. A., G. Valenti, and M. C. Moreno (1988). Measuring Social Science Productivity: A Case Study in Mexico. Higher Education Policy–International Association of Universities, Paris 1, no. 4.
• National Council of Science and Technology (CONACyT), Mexico. Research Grant to investigate “Adult Education and Urban Labor Markets in Mexico” (Flacso-Conacyt PCEDCNA-021619). Tenure 5/85-5/87. Director of the research project. Total Grant: $ 30,000. This research took three years of field research in five states of Mexico, including Mexico City (Federal District), Puebla, Tlaxcala, Tabasco and Baja California Norte with rural and urban samples. The methodology was survey research, with pre-post questionnaires. Data analysis included exploratory data analysis and correlation analysis. Several reports were published including: Torres, C. A. “Cultura Política de la Alfabetización. Descripción y análisis de las relaciones entre educación de adultos y sectores populares urbanos en México.” Revista Latinoamericana de Estudios Educativos , no. 3, 1993.
• International Development Research Centre (IDRC) hired a group of professors and Stanford graduates in 1982 to conduct research and write a position paper on alternatives for financing educational development in the Third World. The resulting work was presented at an international workshop organized by IDRC in Canada, and published as: Carnoy, M., H. Levin, S. Sumra, R. Nuget, C. A. Torres, and J. Unsicker. (1982). The Political Economy of Financing Education in Developing Countries. In IDRC Financing Educational Development. (pp. 39-68). Proceedings of an international seminar held in Mont Sainte Marie, Canada. Ottawa: International Development Research Centre (IDRC).
• Public Health and Planning, diagnostic planning for a provincially-based health system (similar to a single-payer system in Canada). Undersecretariat of Public Health, Regional Hospital of Esquel, Chubut, Argentina, 1975-1976.